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<h1>COMPOSTING</h1>
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COMPOSTING

Recycle your food scraps to create compost! Composting is the controlled management of the decomposition of organic material so that it becomes a nutrient-rich soil amendment that helps plants thrive.

Benefits of Composting:

  • Reduces organic waste that goes to a landfill, reducing greenhouse gases.
  • Finished compost helps improve the health of the soil and serves as a natural fertilizer.
  • Compost helps retain moisture for growing garden and landscaping plants

Jersey City’s Composting Programs

Jersey City launched its first-ever composting efforts in 2018 with a Residential Compost Drop-Off Program and a Backyard Composting Program. Check out how many pounds of food scraps have been collected so far. Find out more about each program below.

 

Looking to Drop Off Your Food Waste?
Shed at LCCS

LCCS drop-off site

Jersey City’s Residential Composting Drop Off Program has expanded! Jersey City residents now have the option to drop off their food waste daily (except as noted below) at 12 locations within the City.

Find a map of all drop-off locations HERE.

 

UPDATED HOURS AND LOCATIONS AS OF September 27, 2020 [.pdf], below:

  1. Brunswick Community Garden – 174-176 Brunswick St.
  2. Canco Park – 70 Dey St.
  3. City Hall – 280 Grove St., back lot
  4. Congregation B’nai Jacob -176 West Side Ave. CLOSED FRIDAY & SATURDAY
  5. Dept. of Public Works – 13-15 Linden Ave. East
  6. Five Corners Library – 678 Newark Ave.
  7. Hamilton Park – Corner of 9th and Jersey Ave.
  8. Lafayette Park – corner of Maple and Woodward
  9. LCCS – Kensington entrance by JFK Blvd.
  10. Leonard Gordon Park – JFK Blvd. at Hutton St.
  11. Pop Up Jackson Hill – 349 Martin Luther King Dr. CLOSED ON SUNDAY & MONDAY
  12. Riverview Community Garden/Farmer’s Market – 498 Palisade Ave.
  13. Municipal Court – 365 Summit Ave

 

Ready to Compost Yourself?

For residents interested in composting in their own backyards, the City offers discounted materials and free workshops. Residents who participate are able to create valuable compost for their gardens and help divert thousands of pounds of organic waste from landfills!

Materials are limited. Sign up here for more information: http://bit.ly/JerseyCityBackyardComposting

 

Want to know more about composting in Jersey City?

Backyard Composting Basics

To compost in your backyard, you only need a few materials to get started. A compost bin, a container to collect your food scraps in the kitchen, and a tool to circulate the air in the compost pile.

 

What Goes Into Backyard Compost Bins:

Greens: (Nitrogen rich materials)
Fruits and vegetables, coffee grounds, egg shells, tea bags, grass clippings

Browns: (Carbon rich materials)
Shredded newspaper, paper napkins, coffee filters, dried brown leaves, cardboard- cut into smaller pieces

What Stays Out:
X  Food cooked in oil or grease, pet waste, animal products (cheese, milk, meat, fish, bones), barbeque ashes
X  Anything with toxic pesticides or herbicides
X  All plastics, including “compostable” plastics
X  Coffee cups, metal, waxed cardboard

 

 

 

Do’s and Don’ts of Backyard Composting
  • DO chop materials into smaller pieces to speed up decomposition
  • DO make sure you layer browns and greens, so that the materials don’t smell while decomposing
  • DO turn and circulate air in your compost materials with a compost aerator or shovel
  • DON’T put in weeds that have gone to seed.
  • DO keep your compost materials moist, but not very wet
  • DO add already finished compost or a compost accelerator can be mixed into the pile to accelerate decomposition
  • DO always maintain with a top layer of browns
  • DO keep ratio at approximately 3 parts browns to 2 parts greens

Additional Types of Composting

 

Vermiculture or vermicomposting is a type of composting system that uses a special type of worm and “bedding”  to decompose your food waste. This requires the purchase of special worms, usually Red Wigglers (Eisenia foetida) or Red Earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus) (not the ones in your backyard) and an enclosed but aerated container. Their worm poop, referred to as “vermi-compost”, or worm castings dramatically improve the health of the soil, as the worms convert nutrients into a more available food form for plants. Food scraps and yard clippings make great food for the worms. Keep out all greasy and oily foods, meat and dairy. Their bedding needs to have a neutral PH, be free from anything sharp or abrasive, retain moisture and allow for the flow of oxygen. The worms love bedding material made from shredded newspaper, dried leaves, and straw. Bedding is kept damp but not soggy. Vermicomposting can be done indoors or outdoors.

 

 

Bokashi  is an indoor method of making compost through fermentation. This type of composting relies on anaerobic processing which requires the purchase of a bran that has been inoculated with beneficial microbes. Enclosed air tight containers are used create the anaerobic environment, and the leachate needs to be drawn off. Meat and dairy may be included in the scraps added.

Visit the Sustainable JC Website for more information about upcoming Bokashi workshops.

 

 

Electric Composters/Food Recyclers use electricity to dehydrate and process food waste so that it can be used as a soil amendment. Food waste is dropped into the machine  heated, mixed, and aerated. Some models also use enzymes to speed up the decomposition process. It can take anywhere from a few hours to several days or weeks to make the finished fertilizer, depending on the type of model you use. This process is not the same as traditional composting and the finished product is not referred to as compost but rather as a “soil amendment” or “fertilizer”.